FINANCIAL EQUALIZATION IN THE CONTEXT OF DECENTRALIZATION REFORM OF POWER: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES

Liliya BENOVSKA

Анотація


Introduction. With the conduction of the reform of decentralization of power in Ukraine in the model of financial equalization, the emphasis is placed on aligning budgets on incomes with the use of separate equalization tools by expenditures. The introduction of the new alignment system involves a number of problems.

Purpose. Solving the problems of financial equalization in Ukraine in the conditions of modern reforms and finding the ways of its improvement.

Results. The investigation of features and instruments of financial equalization in the context of conducting modern reforms in Ukraine has made it possible to identify issues that do not contribute to the reduction of vertical and horizontal budget imbalances, but also increase them. 

The main problems of financial equalization of local budgets are allocated, namely: inconsistency of incomes with expenditure powers of local budgets; instability of local budget revenues over time due to frequent changes in tax and budget laws of the state; violation of the transparency of transfer of transfers; a lack of clear separation of expenditure powers between the levels of government and others.

The modernization of the modern equalization system should be aimed at creating equal financial opportunities for the sustainable development of individual territories and the country as a whole, providing macroeconomic stability and economic growth, promoting the improvement of quality of public services and their compliance with the developed state standards.

Conclusions. There are proposed the directions of perfection of the modern system of financial equalization in the part of changes in the procedure for enrollment of personal income tax to local budgets by the place of residence of the person, and not by the place of employment; changes in the approaches of calculating the index of tax capacity; a reasoning of the necessity of development and approval of new state service standards for the social sectors.


Ключові слова


financial equalization, budget, development of territories, decentralization

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Посилання


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