NON-STATE PENSION PROVISION IN THE SYSTEM OF SOCIAL PROTECTION OF THE UKRAINIAN POPULATION

Iryna PRYIMAK, Bohdana VYSHYVANA

Анотація


Introduction. The Ukrainian system of social protection, which is mainly financed by the budget funds and funds of state social insurance funds, is currently unable to provide a decent level of pensions. Involving non-state financial institutions in solving this problem allows to increase the efficiency and flexibility of the system of social protection of the population in old age.

Purpose. The purpose of the article is to analyze the situation, outline the problems of development and develop practical recommendations for improving the non-state pension provision as an instrument of social protection for people of retirement age.

Results. The essence and structure of the system of the population social protection is uncovered, which unites state and non-state constituents. The dynamics of budget expenditures on social protection and expenditures of the Pension Fund of Ukraine are analyzed. The increasing deficit of the Pension Fund has been revealed, which indicates a profound financial crisis in the pension system. There has been made an evaluation of the development of nonstate pension provision as a mechanism for the formation of additional financial resources for the payment of pensions.

It has been established that non-state pension funds (NPFs) are the main financial institutions that provide accumulation of pension assets. The analysis of NPF activity in Ukraine shows a reduction in their number, exceeding the number of NPF participants over the number of contracts concluded, a small amount of contributions from individuals, an increase in retirement benefits, a slight increase in the value of retirement assets, as well as imbalances in the volume of assets by types of NPFs.

There has been highlighted the role of life insurance companies in non-state pension provision, which consists in entering into life insurance pension insurance contracts with an NPF participant, calculation and payment of an additional pension.

The directions of activity of banking institutions in the system of non-state pension provision regarding the establishment of an NPF, the role of the custodian bank of NPF, maintenance of insurance companies engaged in pension insurance, and the attraction of pension funds through the opening of pension deposit accounts are disclosed.

Conclusions. The proposals on the necessity of developing well-balanced rational and effective of socio-economic, normative-legal, organizational management decisions for the preparation and implementation of an effective strategy for the development of non-state pension provision, are substantiated.


Ключові слова


non-state pension fund, insurance company, banking institution, pension contributions, pension payments, pension assets, insurance bonuses, insurance payments, pension deposit accounts

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Посилання


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/sf2019.03.121

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